Additionally, Omotic languages are spoken by ethnic minority groups inhabiting the southern regions.Nilo-Saharan languages are also spoken by the nation's Nilotic ethnic minorities.The country is the site of the Migration to Abyssinia and the oldest Muslim settlement in Africa at Negash.

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Since last month, four members of one of Ethiopia’s most prominent human rights organizations, the Human Rights Council (HRCO), were arrested and detained in the Amhara and Oromia regions.

HRCO believes these arrests are related to the members’ monitoring and documentation of the crackdown of on-going protests in these regions.

Tracing its roots to the 2nd millennium BC, Ethiopia's governmental system was a monarchy for most of its history.

In the first centuries AD, the Kingdom of Aksum maintained a unified civilization in the region, followed by the Ethiopian Empire circa 1137.

In the 1970s and 1980s, Ethiopia experienced civil conflicts and communist purges, which hindered its economy.

The country has since recovered and now has the largest economy (by GDP) in East and Central Africa.

In 1987, the Derg established the People's Democratic Republic of Ethiopia, but it was overthrown in 1991 by the Ethiopian People's Revolutionary Democratic Front, which has been the ruling political coalition since.

Ethiopia's ancient Ge'ez script (Ethiopic script) is one of the oldest alphabets still in use in the world.

During the late 19th-century Scramble for Africa, Ethiopia was one of the nations to retain its sovereignty and the only territory in Africa to defeat a European colonial power.